Guilt or anxiety about sex LatencyStage Sexuality is latent, or dormant, during this period No fixations at this stage Genital stage The genitals; sexual urges return No fixations at this stage Oedipus Complex Freud believed that the crucially important Oedipus complex also developed during the phallic stage. Freud thought that a male child who sees a naked girl for the first time believes that her penis has been cut off.
Darrin Paul 1 Compare and contrast the aims and methods of Trait Theory with those of Personal Construct Theory Psychologists seek to explain and formulate why people behave differently in everyday common situations and to define individual differences in terms of the knowledge gained and it structure.
The aims and methods of both theories will be critically compared and contrasted outlining their theoretical perspectives and the knowledge that each produce. Descriptions of traits have their foundation in everyday language used to describe human behaviour; trait theory draws on the histrionic usage of traits in vocabulary such as ancient Greek typology.
Each person is seen as a composition of personal world views or constructs that are based on unique experiences. Individuals construct others behaviour in terms of their own subjective viewpoint. Kelly proposed we act like scientists, who form theories and assumptions about ourselves, others and the world.
By inquiry and testing out the uncertainties of our assumptions we produce further inquiry that is an ongoing lifelong cycle.
Based on the cognitive approach, it is these constructs or schemas Kelly theorises that provide the basis of our reactions and behaviour Butt, Both Eysenck and Kelly aimed to produce theories that have a clinical application, Eysenck sought to use his theory for clinical diagnosis in response to discredited psychiatric classifications, while Kelly who practised as a psychotherapist sought to facilitate therapeutic change through learning and self awareness.
Where trait theory seeks to discover societal norms and how we all differ in relation to them, personal construct theory places no importance on making individual comparisons through personality dimensions.
Trait theory would propose that behaviour is biologically controlled and therefore consistently predictable, which excludes the potential for change, while personal construct theory views constructs as being flexible and fluid and therefore open to change, even through individuals might actively resist the difficulty of change Butt, This raises the issue of trait objectivity, by highlighting the subjective nature of evaluation that challenges the concept of trait structure, along with the validity and reliability of factor analysis Butt, It would appear that the objectivity of trait theory comes into question and therefore the methods it employs.
The argument of patterns of similarity verses uniqueness and the approaches they adopt either nomothetic universally general or idiographic individually unique is a relevant area, as individual differences has traditionally set out to identify the universal dimensions of individuals.
Eysenck used the nomothetic approach of factor analysis, which correlates clusters of traits that have been established through the use of subjective questionnaires and ratings.
His measurement techniques provide objective data that can be used to draw comparisons across wide populations and provide a structure in which categorical typology can be conducted.
Alternatively the idiographic data gathered by personal construct theory produces subjective results that can not be generalised and therefore applied to our understanding of traits or people as a whole Butt, The repertory grid was devised by Kelly to elicit how individuals categorise constructs by comparing and contrasting experiences and events, allowing participants to access and assess personal meanings through construing.
Individuals construe others behaviour in terms of their own subjective viewpoint. Like Kelly she argues that learning should be more interactive and intersubjective, that children need to engage in debate in order to formulate and challenge their own implicit constructs.
By adopting personal construct philosophy, she developed the Salmon line, which seeks to draw out the implicit by empowering students to define the idiosyncratic meaning of their personal expectations around academic progress.
Salmon, as cited in Buttp. From a Kelliyan philosophy, hierarchical structures are unbeneficial; his emphasis is on the understanding of objects rather than labelling or comparison.
Hierachical structures raise the issue of power relations that Kelly points to within trait theory and most psychometric methods.is and in to a was not you i of it the be he his but for are this that by on at they with which she or from had we will have an what been one if would who has her.
No single theory of causation can explain all mental disorders or even all those of a particular type. Moreover, the same type of disorder may have different causes in different persons: e.g., an obsessive-compulsive disorder may have its origins in a biochemical imbalance, in an unconscious emotional conflict, in faulty learning processes, or in a combination of these.
Compare and contrast two theories on the causation of crime. o Choose one crime trend outlined in the text and explain its relationship to one of the crime theories you just compared.
psy When compared Psychodynamic theory and Humanistic theory they both try to define why we do what we do as humans, and why we choose. following categories: choice, biological, psychological, sociological, and assignment, you will examine and analyze the causes of crime.
Select three of the following theories and compare and contrast these theories. * Biological * Behavioral * Cognitive * Psychodynamic * Personality * Latent Trait Theory The three theories that I have.
These theories deal with the importance of self actualization and individual experience, which helps in development of personality and motivates behavior. Free will and concept of self-actualization is vital for an individual’s personal growth.
Some of the more renowned theories include the traits theory, the biopsychological theory, the social learning theory, the humanistic theory, the behavioural theory and the psychoanalytic theory.
|Narcissistic Rage and the Sense of Entitlement||Once an individual associates him or herself with criminal behavior they are labeled by their community and expected to reoffend. Society now looks at these juveniles and wonder why it is that these children are behaving in such matter.|
|Psychodynamic Theories Essays: Examples, Topics, Titles, & Outlines||Different theories have been discovered by different psychologists in an effort to properly define personality.|
|I had to compare and contrast two personality theories and would like if someone||Types and causes of mental disorders Classification and epidemiology Psychiatric classification attempts to bring order to the enormous diversity of mental symptoms, syndromes, and illnesses that are encountered in clinical practice.|
In this paper, a comparison of the two most contradictory theories of personality psychology is made – the Psychoanalytic and the Humanistic theories.