Describe the routes by which an infection can get into the body

Emma Gardner Unit 1. Control of Substances Hazardous to Health COSHH — to ensure all cleaning materials and medications are safely and securely locked away and only handled by trained members of staff.

Describe the routes by which an infection can get into the body

The bacteria enter through a break or crack in the skin, usually the nipple.

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Ear infections are common in infants and children in part because their eustachian tubes become clogged easily. For each ear, a eustachian tube runs from the middle ear to the back of the throat. Its purpose is to drain fluid and bacteria that normally occurs in the middle ear.

If the eustachian tube becomes blocked, fluid can build up and become infected. Tinea corporis often called ringworm of the body is a common skin disorder, especially among children. However, it may occur in people of all ages.

It is caused by mold-like fungi called dermatophytes. Jock itch, also called tinea cruris or ringworm of the groin, is an infection of the groin area caused by fungus. The body normally hosts a variety of microorganisms, including bacteria and fungi.

Some of these are useful to the body. Others may multiply rapidly and form infections. Fungi can live on the dead tissues of the hair, nails, and outer skin layers. Fungal nail infection is an infection of the nails by a fungus.

Tinea capitis also called ringworm of the scalp is a skin disorder that usually affects only children. It can be persistent and contagious, however, it often disappears spontaneously at puberty. A furuncle boil is a skin infection involving an entire hair follicle and nearby skin tissue.

Furuncles are very common. They are caused by staphylococcus bacteria, which are normally found on the skin surface.

Damage to the hair follicle allows these bacteria to enter deeper into the tissues of the follicle and the subcutaneous tissue.

Furuncles may occur in the hair follicles anywhere on the body, but they are most common on the face, neck, armpit, buttocks, and thighs. A carbuncle is made up of several skin boils furuncles. The infected mass is filled with fluid, pus, and dead tissue. Fluid may drain out of the carbuncle, but sometimes the mass is so deep that it cannot drain on its own.

Paronychia is fairly common. It is usually caused by injury to the area -- for example, from biting off or picking a hangnail or from trimming or pushing back the cuticle.

A bacterial and fungal infection may occur at the same time. Pyelonephritis most often occurs as a result of urinary tract infection, particularly in the presence of occasional or persistent backflow of urine from the bladder into the ureters or kidney pelvis vesicoureteric reflux.

Bacterial gastroenteritis is an inflammation of the stomach and intestines caused by bacteria or bacterial toxins. Campylobacter enteritis is a common cause of intestinal infection.

Describe the routes by which an infection can get into the body

These bacteria also cause one of the many types of traveler's diarrhea. People usually get infected by eating or drinking contaminated food or water, often raw poultry, fresh produce, or unpasteurized milk. A person can also be infected by close contact with infected people or animals.

Endocarditis is usually a result of a blood infection. Bacteria or other infectious substance can enter the bloodstream during certain medical procedures, including dental procedures, and travel to the heart, where it can settle on damaged heart valves.

The bacteria can grow and may form infected clots that break off and travel to the brain, lungs, kidneys, or spleen. Nosocomial infections are infections which are a result of treatment in a hospital or a healthcare service unit, but secondary to the patient's original condition.

Infections are considered nosocomial if they first appear 48 hours or more after hospital admission or within 30 days after discharge. This type of infection is also known as a hospital-acquired infection or more generically healthcare-associated infections.

Describe the routes by which an infection can get into the body

Nosocomial infections are even more alarming in the 21st century as antibiotic resistance spreads.Describe 3 routes by which an infection can get into the body Infection can enter the body through torn or cut skin, such as contaminated blood can enter the . Many human infections are caused by either bacteria or viruses.

into the body. The range of access routes for bacteria Curing a bacterial infection The body reacts to . Pathogens can also enter the body through the urinary system, as is the case of a urinary tract infection, or the reproductive system, as is the case with sexually transmitted diseases.


The infectious agent may remain localized or may enter the bloodstream. Describe The Routes By Which An Infection Can Get Into The Body Understanding the causes of infection Identify the differences between bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites.

Bacterial and fungi infections are easy to cure with the use of antibiotics, where as viruses can be hard to cure or vaccinate against, such as the common cold. How does infection enter the body? Infection control is about controlling the spread of communicable diseases between people.

drinking, cuts, wounds or medical procedures like catheters or injections. The five main routes are: Many individuals feel that an event might be threatening to them and this is where the human body kicks into. Infection can enter the human body via:Airborne. Bacteria and viruses can invade the body by breathing it skin.

Routes for Spread of Infections