Central to this debate is the manner in which morality is treated in the play.
All revenge tragedies originally stemmed from the Greeks, who wrote and performed the first plays.
After the Greeks came Seneca who was very influential to all Elizabethan tragedy writers. Seneca who was Roman, basically set all of the ideas and the norms for all revenge play writers in the Renaissance era including William Shakespeare. These two plays used mostly all of the Elizabethan conventions for revenge tragedies in their plays.
Hamlet especially incorporated all revenge conventions in one way or another, which truly made Hamlet a typical revenge play. There were certain stylistic and different strategically thought out devices that Elizabethan playwrights including Shakespeare learned and used from Seneca's great tragedies.
The five act structure, the appearance of some kind of ghost, the one line exchanges known as stichomythia, and Seneca's use of long rhetorical speeches were all later used in tragedies by Elizabethan playwrights.
Some of Seneca's ideas were originally taken from the Greeks when the Romans conquered Greece, and with it they took home many Greek theatrical ideas. Some of Seneca's stories that originated from the Greeks like Agamemnon and Thyestes which dealt with bloody family histories and revenge captivated the Elizabethans.
Seneca's stories weren't really written for performance purposes, so if English playwrights liked his ideas, they had to figure out a way to make the story theatrically workable, relevant and exciting to the Elizabethan audience who were very demanding.
Seneca's influence formed part of a developing tradition of tragedies whose plots hinge on political power, forbidden sexuality, family honor and private revenge. Hamlet without Seneca is inconceivable. In all revenge tragedies first and foremost, a crime is committed and for various reasons laws and justice cannot punish the crime so the individual who is the main character, goes through with the revenge in spite of everything.
The main character then usually had a period of doubtwhere he tries to decide whether or not to go through with the revenge, which usually involves tough and complex planning.
Other features that were typical were the appearance of a ghost, to get the revenger to go through with the deed. The revenger also usually had a very close relationship with the audience through soliloquies and asides. The original crime that will eventually be avenged is nearly always sexual or violent or both.
The crime has been committed against a family member of the revenger.
After the ghost persuades the revenger to commit his deed, a hesitation first occurs and then a delay by the avenger before killing the murderer, and his actual or acted out madness.
The revenge must be taken out by the revenger or his trusted accomplices. The revenger and his accomplices may also die at the moment of success or even during the course of revenge. It should not be assumed that revenge plays parallel the moral expectations of the Elizabethan audience.
Church, State and the regular morals of people in that age did not accept revenge, instead they thought that revenge would simply not under any circumstances be tolerated no matter what the original deed was. People should therefore never think that revenge was expected by Elizabethan society.
Although they loved to see it in plays, it was considered sinful and it was utterly condemned. The Spanish Tragedy written by Thomas Kyd was an excellent example of a revenge tragedy.
With this play, Elizabethan theater received its first great revenge tragedy, and because of the success of this play, the dramatic form had to be imitated. The play was performed from to and it gave people an everlasting remembrance of the story of a father who avenges the murder of his son.
In this story, a man named Andrea is killed by Balthazar in the heat of battle. The death was considered by Elizabethan people as a fair one, therefore a problem occurred when Andrea's ghost appeared to seek vengeance on its killer.Course Summary English English Literature has been evaluated and recommended for 3 semester hours and may be transferred to over 2, colleges and universities.
The Tyrant in Richard III and Macbeth In Richard III and Macbeth Shakespeare used the title characters to reveal the typical characteristics of the tyrant such as limited foresight, mental instability, paranoia, the alienation of allies, and a clearly defined persona of evilness.
Course Description. This introductory college-level course is an extension of the English 11 course in American argument. Building on the themes and readings from English 11, students in this course will develop additional skills in rhetorical argumentation. The English Literature major at Loras College is rich, deep, and rigorous.
Justin Nguyen Hon. Eng. per. 7 10/25/11 Similarities between Richard III and Macbeth Richard III is seen as a true villain, and the play, Richard III, is therefore called a historical play; in contrast, Macbeth is viewed as a Tragic Hero, and the play, Macbeth, is therefore labeled a Tragedy%(1). This webpage is for Dr. Wheeler's literature students, and it offers introductory survey information concerning the literature of classical China, classical Rome, classical Greece, the Bible as Literature, medieval literature, Renaissance literature, and genre studies. Richard III (New Penguin Shakespeare) [William Shakespeare] on iridis-photo-restoration.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
The small classes promote active discussion and debate, cultural awareness, and the . The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, often shortened to Hamlet (/ ˈ h æ m l ɪ t /), is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare at an uncertain date between and Set in Denmark, the play dramatises the revenge Prince Hamlet is called to wreak upon his uncle, Claudius, by the ghost of Hamlet's father, King iridis-photo-restoration.comus had murdered his own brother and seized the throne.
The character of Richard III, in William Shakespeare's historical drama 'Richard III,' is one of Shakespeare's most important and original characters.