There was a lot of River Corridor Survey work going on at the time and its benefits for environmentally-sensitive flood defence works were plain to see, because engineers could design their schemes and carry out work using the annotated maps and recommendations produced by surveyors. But, invaluable though this information was for local conservation staff and river engineers, there was no way of archiving, retrieving, analysing or presenting it in a way suitable for an objective evaluation of the physical state of rivers nationally. We needed to develop a method that could capture the same type of information, but in a more systematic and repeatable fashion and which could be used to establish a national dataset.
List of art music traditions The term art music refers primarily to classical traditions, including both contemporary and historical classical music forms. Art music exists in many parts of the world. It emphasizes formal styles that invite technical and detailed deconstruction  and criticism, and demand focused attention from the listener.
In Western practice, art music is considered primarily a written musical tradition,  preserved in some form of music notation rather than being transmitted orally, by rote, or in recordings, as popular and traditional music usually are.
The identity of a "work" or "piece" of art music is usually defined by the notated version rather than by a particular performance, and is primarily associated with the composer rather than the performer though composers may leave performers with some opportunity for interpretation or improvisation.
This is so particularly in the case of western classical music. Art music may include certain forms of jazzthough some feel that jazz is primarily a form of popular music. Sacred Christian music forms an important part of the classical music tradition and repertoire, but can also be considered to have an identity of its own.
Popular music The term popular music refers to any musical style accessible to the general public and disseminated by the mass media.
Musicologist and popular music specialist Philip Tagg defined the notion in the light of sociocultural and economical aspects: Popular music, unlike art music, is 1 conceived for mass distribution to large and often socioculturally heterogeneous groups of listeners, 2 stored and distributed in non-written form, 3 only possible in an industrial monetary economy where it becomes a commodity and 4 in capitalist societies, subject to the laws of 'free' enterprise It is noted on the Billboard charts and, in addition to singer-songwriters and composers, it involves music producers more than other genres do.
The distinction between classical and popular music has sometimes been blurred in marginal areas  such as minimalist music and light classics.
In this respect, music is like fiction, which likewise draws a distinction between literary fiction and popular fiction that is not always precise.
Traditional music Traditional music is a modern name for what has been called " folk music ", excluding the expansion of the term folk music to include much non-traditional material. Sometimes "folk" is designated for Western music and non-Western music is considered " world music ". The two are both unified as traditional music due to: The music is handed down and learned through singing, listening, and sometimes dancing; Cultural basis: The music derives from and is part of the traditions of a particular region or culture.
Critics of the axiomatic triangle[ edit ] Musicologist and popular music specialist Richard Middleton has discussed the blurred nature of these distinctions: Neat divisions between 'folk' and 'popular', and 'popular' and 'art', are impossible to find But many pieces commonly thought of as 'art' Handel's 'Hallelujah Chorus', many Schubert songs, many Verdi arias have qualities of simplicity; conversely, it is by no means obvious that the Sex Pistols ' records were 'accessible', Frank Zappa 's work 'simple', or Billie Holiday 's 'facile'.Random sampling versus randomisation.
I recently examined a MPH thesis in which the student stated that “the intervention and control were assigned using a random sampling .
Abstract. The atmosphere is a carrier on which some natural and anthropogenic organic and inorganic chemicals are transported, and the wet and dry deposition events are the most important processes that remove those chemicals, depositing it on soil and water.
The Indian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines) constituted under Institute of Technology Act, is administered through IIT Council-the apex body, Government of India under the Chairmanship of Honourable Minister, MoHRD for uniform and .
Scouting techniques. Consult with crop specialists and entomologists for the size and timing of the moth flight, based on trajectory modeling and pheromone trapping.
Hi J3ny, thank you for your comment. I think you are right, there obviously is more then one definition of oversampling.. The definition used by SAS (video) is quite simple; “over”-sampling means that you represent a target variable over the original fraction. So instead of having 5%, you have 10% by reducing the non target variable.
Include measures of cognition sampling thesis. Nor, 6: Constructing a research field with its connections to class. Finland; adrienn, right write rite right is an evasive quality that makes more sense to as a result of the university of jyv skyl.